Wave 2: Two years after Katrina

“The Legacy of Katrina’s Children: Estimating the Numbers of Hurricane-Related At-Risk children in the Gulf Coast States of LA & MS”

  • Approximately 163,105 children were displaced because of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, yet two years later 31.5% of these children are presently experiencing a risk factor that puts them at risk for long-term poor outcomes.
  • Parents living in community settings felt an increased sense of insecurity regarding their and their children’s safety.
  • Uncertainty about their future still plagues a number of residents.
  • Parents report declines in their children’s academic performance subsequent to the hurricanes.

Wave 3: Three years after Katrina

“Second Wind: The impact of Hurricane Gustav on Children & Families Who Survived Katrina”

  • Over half of the non-evacuees said that if they had to evacuate again they were only “somewhat likely” or “not at all likely” to obey warnings.
  • Of those who did not evacuate for Hurricane Katrina, 26% evacuated for Hurricane Gustav, while approximately 7% decided not to evacuate.
  • The average cost for those who did evacuate in response to Gustav, taking in to account food, shelter, and transportation, was $484.
  • Most of the surveyed population who evacuated had difficulty paying for the evacuation.

Wave 4: Five years after Katrina

“Legacy of Katrina: The Impact of a Flawed Recovery on Vulnerable Children of the Gulf Coast – A Five-Year Status Report” 

  • Children displaced by Katrina were 4.5 times more likely to have symptoms consistent with serious emotional disturbance (SED) than did comparable children surveyed in a 2004 national study.
  • Among those parents who thought their children needed professional help for these problems, slightly more than half did not receive it.
  • A third of middle or high school-age children were one or more years older than appropriate for their grade in school.

“Children as Bellwethers of Recovery: Dysfunctional Systems and the Effects of Parents, Households, and Neighborhoods on Serious Emotional Disturbance in Children after Hurricane Katrina”

  • Children’s mental health recovery in a post-disaster setting can serve as a bellwether indicator of successful recovery or as a lagging indicator of system dysfunction and failed recovery.

Measuring Individual Disaster Recovery: A Socioecological Framework

  • An individual’s psychological strength had the greatest association with positive recovery, followed by having a household income greater than $20,000 and having informal social support.
  • The time displaced since Hurricane Katrina, being disabled, and living in a community with substantial social disorder were strongly associated with an absence of recovery.