Ramifications of the digital Divide on Cognitive Development and School Preparedness

The conceptualization of the digital divide stems from multiple decades prior to the focal themes of this chapter as well as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education. As has been widely discussed in the literature as well as the popular press, numerous existing and long-standing inequities were accentuated throughout the pandemic, not the …

Bridging the Divide: An Analysis of Federal, State, and Local Policies in U.S. Schools

This chapter analyzes the ways in which past and present U.S. federal, state, and local policies have helped and hindered decision-making in local schools during the COVID-19 pandemic, with a particular focus on the economic, political, and social impacts of distance learning efforts. The authors note that more than 76 million U.S. students were suddenly …

Remote work and climate change: Considerations for grid resilience in the 21st century

This paper explores how the unprecedented dependence on remote work since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the demand for electricity. The paper discusses how the increased dependence on information and communication technologies has driven a shift in the daytime demand for power, from the commercial sector to the residential sector, prompting changes …

Preparing for compounding crises: Staff shortages and cyber-attack vulnerability in the era of COVID-19

In 2020, while the USA was experiencing successive waves of COVID-19, Universal Health Services experienced a major cyber attack that crippled electronic systems in over 200 hospitals, including a major academic medical centre that was playing a key regional role in COVID-19 care and clinical trials. This paper discusses the impact of the attack on …

Using analytics to support a utility's initial response to the COVID-19 pandemic amid an uncertain evidence base

Energy utilities play a critical role in fostering disaster resilience. Much of the world is increasingly dependent on the availability and reliability of safe and efficient energy. In addition to its importance for industrial, commercial and household functionality, energy provision is increasingly significant in determining health and equity outcomes during a disaster. Amid the COVID-19 …

Informes Temáticos RCRC: Porqué los Niños Deben Ser la Prioridad #1 en Desastres

Los Informes Temáticos RCRC, en este documento, están diseñados para ser utilizados por las comunidades de la iniciativa RCRC y todas las otras comunidades que buscan elevar la resiliencia de los niños ante desastres a la atención de legisladores locales, estatales y federales u otros responsables de la toma de decisiones. Estos informes también pueden …

RCRC Issue Briefs: Why Children Should Be the #1 Disaster Priority

The Resilient Children/Resilient Communities Initiative (RCRC) Issue Briefs, in this document, are designed to be used by the RCRC communities and all other communities who are seeking to elevate children’s disaster resilience to the attention of local, state, and federal legislators or other decision-makers. These reports can also be used by legislators and decision–makers at …

Fourteen Months into the Covid-19 Pandemic: What We Miss the Most

As the U.S. continues to emerge from the deadliest pandemic in over one hundred years, vaccination rates among Americans have steadily risen, and public health guidelines that have been in place for over a year are increasingly relaxed. In short, Americans are readjusting to a “new normal.” But what this “new normal” looks like for …

Integrating Data Variability Into Contemporary COVID-19 Decision Support

In April of 2020, the National Center for Disaster Preparedness (NCDP) at Columbia University’s Earth Institute partnered with Commonwealth Edison (ComEd) to examine the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and support relevant decision-making to facilitate workforce safety and continuity of utility operations in an environment where initial data were scant and variable. Due to the …

Initial Coronavirus Disease–2019 Closure Strategies Adopted by a Convenience Sample of US School Districts: Directions for Future Research

School closures are an important strategy to mitigate the impacts of a pandemic. But an optimal approach to transitioning from in-person to distance learning approaches is lacking. We analyzed a convenience sample of public K-12 schools in the early weeks of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. This initial snapshot provides some insights to …

Current Data Gaps in Modeling Essential Worker Absenteeism Due to COVID-19

With the uncertain physical and mental health implications of COVID-19 infection, companies have taken a myriad of actions that aim to reduce the risk of employees contracting the virus, with most grounded in reducing or eliminating in-person interactions. Our preliminary analysis indicates that while there is some data to support modelling absenteeism, there are gaps …